EU Directive 2001/62/EU: Counterfeit Protection of Medicines
Standards for Tamper-Proof Packaging of Medicines
There is hardly another product that reaches the end consumer or patient for which the regulations are as varied as they are for pharmaceutical products. As early as in 1970, the “Poisons Prevention Packaging Act” (PPPA) for child-resistant packaging of potentially harmful substances was enacted in the United States. Since then, the number of reported deaths of children caused by the ingestion of toxic household products including medicines has significantly decreased. In the EU, the EN ISO 8317 and EN 14375 standards establish the requirements to be met by child-resistant packaging. All the more surprising is the fact that currently hardly any medicine pack is provided with tamper-proof sealing.
EU Directive 2011/62/EU: Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD)
Since February 9, 2019 the Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD) 2011/62/EU has been in effect throughout Europe. By means of the FMD, legislators and pharmaceutical manufacturers intend to safeguard the supply chain in Europe. Since February 9, 2019, every prescription medicine has to be provided with an individual serial number in the form of a 2D code (DataMatrix) and a device protecting the pack against tampering. In addition, ready-to-use medicines being repackaged by another manufacturer have to be equipped with equivalent security and sealing features, allowing the external enclosure to be checked for authenticity and integrity in a similar manner as the original pack.